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2016.1日本三级片英语上册期末试卷含答案

核心导读:2015-2016第一学期日本三级片质检 英语试卷 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上该项涂黑。     

2015-2016第一学期日本三级片质检
英语试卷
第一部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡
上该项涂黑。
                                    (A)
Twenty years ago, I drove a taxi for a living. One night I went to pick up a passenger at 2:30 am. When I arrived to collect, I found the building was dark except for a single light in a ground floor window.
 I walked to the door and knocked, “Just a minute,” answered a weak, elderly voice.
After a long pause, the door opened. A small woman in her eighties stood before me. By her side was a small suitcase. I took the suitcase to the car, and then returned to help the woman. She took my arm and we walked slowly toward the car.
 She kept thanking me for my kindness. “It’s nothing,” I told her. “I just try to treat my passengers the way I would want my mother treated.”
 “Oh, you’re such a good man.” She said. When we got into the taxi, she gave me an address, and then asked, “Could you drive through downtown?”
 “It’s not the shortest way,” I answered quickly.
 “Oh, I’m in no hurry,” she said. “I’m on my way to a hospice(临终医院). I don’t have any family left. The doctor says I don’t have very long.”
 I quietly reached over and shut off the meter(计价器).
 For the next two hours, we drove through the city. She showed me the building where she had once worked, the neighborhood where she had lived, and the furniture shop that had once been a ballroom where she had gone dancing as a girl.
 Sometimes she’d ask me to slow down in front of a particular building and would sit staring into the darkness, saying nothing.
 At dawn, she suddenly said,” I’m tired. Let’s go now.”
 We drove in silence to the address she had given me.
 “How much do I owe you?” she asked.
 “Nothing.” I said.
 “You have to make a living,” she answered. “Oh, there are other passengers,” I answered.
 Almost without thinking, I bent and gave her a hug. She held me tightly. Our hug ended with her remark, “You gave an old woman a little moment of joy.”
21. The old woman chose to ride through the city in order to __________.
 A. show she was familiar with the city  B. see some places for the last time
 C. let the driver earn more money   D. reach the destination on time
22. The taxi driver did not charge the old woman because he __________.
 A. wanted to do her a favor    B. shut off the meter by mistake
 C. had received her payment in advance D. was in a hurry to take other passengers
23. What can we learn from the story?
 A. Giving is always a pleasure.   B. People should respect each other.
 C. An act of kindness can bring people great joy.
 D. People should learn to appreciate others’ concern.
(B )
   Deserts are found where there is little rainfall or where rain for a whole year falls in only a few weeks' time. Ten inches of rain may be enough for many plants to survive (存活)if the rain is spread throughout the year, If it falls within one or two months and the rest of the year is dry, those plants may die and a desert may form.   
     Sand begins as tiny pieces of rock that get smaller and smaller as wind and weather wear them down. Sand dunes (沙丘) are formed as winds move the sand across the desert. Bit by bit, the dunes grow over the years, always moving with the winds and changing the shape. Most of them are only a few feet tall, but they can grow to be several hundred feet high.
There is, however, much more to a desert than sand. In the deserts of the southwestern United States, cliffs (悬崖) and deep valleys were formed from thick mud that once lay beneath a sea more than millions of years ago. Over the centuries, the water dried up. Wind, sand, rain, heat and cold all wore away at the remaining rocks. The faces of the desert mountains are always changing –-very, very slowly ---as these forces of nature continue to work on the rock.
     Most deserts have a surprising variety of life. There are plants, animals and insects that have adapted to life in the desert. During the heat of the day a visitor may see very few signs of living things, but as the air begins to cool in the evening, the desert comes to life. As the sun begins to rise again in the sky, the desert once again becomes quiet and lonely.
24. Many plants may survive in deserts when__________________.
A. it is dry all the year round    B. the rain falls only in a few weeks
C. there is little rain in a year         D. the rain is spread out in a year
25. Sand dunes are formed when___________________.
A. sand piles up gradually             B. there is plenty of rain in a year
C. the sea has dried up over the years    D. pieces of rock get smaller
26. The underlined sentence in the third paragraph probably means that in a desert there is____________.
  A. too much sand              B. more sand than before
  C. nothing except sand          D. something else besides sand
27 It can be learned from the text that in a desert____________.
A. there is no rainfall throughout the year  B. life exists in rough conditions
C. all sand dunes are a few feet high      D. rocks are worn away only by wind and heat
 (C)
International Studies (BA)
Key features
•Recognizes the “global community”(国际社会)
• Has close connections with practical research
• Much of the teaching is done in small discussion groups
About the course
The course gives you chances to know great power politics between nation states. It will provide more space to study particular issues such as relationship among countries in the European Union, third world debt, local and international disagreement, and the work of such international bodies as the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, and the World Bank.
The course puts theories into the working of the international system with close attention to particular countries. You will also have a better knowledge of methods of solving the international problems.
Related (相关的) courses
●BA (Hons) Community Management   ● BA (Hons) Public Policy and Management
Employment possibilities
●International organizations   ● International business

Earth Science (BSc)
Key features
• Based on key courses and the latest research findings
•Pays much attention to practical skills
•Offers chances for fieldwork(实地考察)
About the course
The demand for natural resources is becoming an increasingly serious problem for the future of mankind. Graduates in Earth Science will play an important role in meeting this demand, and in knowing the meaning of using the natural resources.
The course covers geography and geology. You will carry out fieldwork in the UK and possibly overseas, and a research in an area of interest to you in the final year.
Related courses
BSc (Hons) Geography;  BSc (Hons) Geology
Employment possibilities
Mineral , oil, water or other related engineering industries.
28. International Studies is a course in _______
A. international politics       B. international business
C. international systems      D. international bodies
29. After taking the course of International Studies, the students will _______.
 A. become practical and open-minded       B. have a greater ability to discuss theories
 C. know how to settle international problems  D. have good jobs in any international organizations  
30. Earth Science, as described in the second text, ______.
A. is attractive because of the chances for fieldwork
B. pays more attention to practical skills than theories
C. is built on important courses and the results of recent studies
D. encourages students to play a role in using natural resources
31. It can be inferred that the above two texts are written for the students who _______.
A. enjoy research work        B. plan to choose courses
C. study in the UK           D. are interested in overseas fieldwork
(D)
Thinking is something you choose to do as a fish choose to live in water. To be human is to think. But thinking may come naturally without your knowing how you do it. Thinking about thinking is the key to critical(判断性的) thinking. When you think critically, you take control of your thinking processes(过程). Otherwise, you might be controlled by the ideas of others. Indeed, critical thinking is at the heart of educa¬tion.
The word “critical” here has a special meaning. It does not mean taking one view against another view, as when someone criticizes another person for doing something wrong. The nature of critical thinking is thinking beyond the easily seen—beyond the pictures on TV, the untrue reports in the newspapers, and the faulty reasoning.
Critical thinking is an attitude as much as an activity. If you are curious about life and desire to dig dee¬per into it, you are a critical thinker. If you find pleasure in deep thinking about different ideas, characters, and facts, you are a critical thinker.
Activities of the mind and higher-order reasoning are processes of deep and careful consideration. They take time, and do not go hand in hand with the fast speed in today’s world: fast foods, instant coffee, and self-developing film. If you are among the people who believe that speed is a measure of intelligence(智力), you may learn something new from a story about Albert Einstein. The first time Banesh Hoffman, a scien¬tist, was to discuss his work with Albert Einstein, Hoffman was too nervous to speak. But Einstein immedi¬ately put Hoffman at ease by saying, “Please go slowly. I don’t understand things quickly.”
32. Critical thinking is important to us because if we do not think critically, ______.
A. it will be hard for us to think naturally and fast
B. we might be controlled by other people’s ideas
C. we will follow the ideas of others naturally
D. we might be fooled by other people’s ideas
33. If you are a critical thinker, you will ______.
 A. think deeply about different ideas B. trust the reports in the newspapers
 C. take one view against another view D. criticize other people for their mistakes
34. In the last paragraph, “something new” suggests that ______
A. the smarter you are , the faster you do things
B. the faster you do things, the smarter you become
C. speed can improve intelligence 
D. intelligence is not decided by speed
35. What would be the best title for the passage?
  A. Thinking and Critical Thinking  B. Understanding Critical Thinking
  C. Thinking is Natural and Human  D. Thinking Fast Means Intelligence

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多选
(36)____You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here’s how:
    Plan your time carefully. When planning your work, you should make a list of things that you have to do. After making this list, you should make a schedule of your time. First your time for eating , sleeping, dressing, etc. Then decide a good, regular time for studying. (37)____ A weekly schedule may not solve all your problems, but it will force you realize what is happening to your time.
Find a good place to study. Look around the house for a good study area. Keep this space, which may be a desk or simply a corner of your room, free of everything but study materials. No games, radios, or television. When you sit down to study, concentrate on the subject.
Make good use of your time in class. (38)____Listening carefully in class means less work later. [来源:Z-x-x-k.Com]Taking notes will help you remember what the teacher says.
Study regularly. When you get home from school, go over your notes, review the important points that your teacher is going to discuss the next day, read that material. (39)_____If you do these things regularly, the material will become more meaningful, and you’ll remember it longer.
Develop a good attitude towards tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. They help you remember your new knowledge. The world won’t end if you don’t pass a test, so don’t be over worried.
(40)_____ You will probably discover many others after you have tried these.
A. There are other methods that might help you with your studying.
B. Don’t forget to set aside enough time for entertainment.
C. Take advantage of class time to listen to everything the teacher says.
D. No one can become a top student unless he or she works hard.
E. Maybe you are an average student.
F. Make full use of class time to take notes of what the teacher says in class.
G. This will help you understand the next class.
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分45分)
第一节 完型填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分满分30分)
I grew up in a community called Estepona. I was 16 when one morning, Dad told me I could drive him into a   41   village called Mijas, on condition that I took the car in to be   42  at a nearby garage. I readily accepted. I drove Dad into Mijas, and   43  to pick him up at 4 pm, then dropped off the car at the   44 . With several hours to spare, I went to a theater.   45  ,when the last movie finished, it was six. I was two hours late!
     I knew Dad would be angry if he   46   I'd been watching movies. So I decided not to tell him the truth. When I  47   there I apologized for being late, and told him I'd   48    as quickly as I could, but that the car had needed some major repairs. I'll never forget the   48   he gave me.
"I’m disappointed you   50   you have to lie to me, Jason." Dad looked at me again. "When you didn't  51   , I called the garage to ask if there were any  52  , and they told me you hadn't yet picked up the car." I felt   53   as I weakly told him the real reason. A 54 passed through Dad as he listened attentively. "I'm angry with    55   . I realize I've failed as a father. I'm going to walk home now and think seriously about    56    I've gone wrong all these years." "But Dad, it's 18 miles!" My protests and apologies were 57   . Dad walked home that day. I drove behind him, 58    him all the way, but he walked silently.
     Seeing Dad in so much    59 and emotional pain was my most painful experience. However, it was    60    the most successful lesson. I have never lied since.
41. A. lonely       B. small          C. distant         D. familiar
42. A. kept         B. washed        C. watched        D. serviced
43. A. agreed       B. planned        C. determined     D. promised
44. A. village       B. community     C. garage         D. theater
45. A. However    B. Then          C. Therefore      D. Still
46. A. realized      B. found out      C. thought       D. figured out
47. A. went        B. ran            C. walked       D. hurried
48. A. started       B. left            C. arrived        D. come
49. A. word        B. face           C. look          D. appearance
50. A. find         B. decide         C. believe        D. feel
51. A. turn up      B. drive out       C. go away       D. come out
52. A. questions     B. problems       C. mistakes       D. faults
53. A. ashamed     B. frightened     C. nervous        D. surprised
54. A. nervousness      B. sadness         C. silence         D. thought
55. A. you         B. myself         C. me            D. yourself
56. A. where       B. how           C. why           D. when
57. A. meaningless  B. useless        C. helpless        D. worthless
58. A. asking       B. persuading     C. begging        D. following
59. A. physical      B. practical       C. personal      D. natural
60. A. indeed       B. always         C. also           D. almost

第二节:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。见答题页
Nowadays, millions 61    lonely singles are now going online instead.   62   World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人).Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 63       because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene    64    (just lead) them from one bad experience to  65         and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 66      easy to avoid someone 67        you are not interested in. In the real world, 68        , ignoring someone you don’t like can  be difficult.
     Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online   69  (describe). Safety is another concern. You are just 70      (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.

第三部分   写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节   短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
  My brother Tom was very selfish when he was a little boy. He did not want share things with other people. For example,when he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place where I couldn’t find. Then he ate it all by himself. He never helped other. He said he is busy. That is, a game of tennis making him very busy. He did not care if something he did made people angrily. For instance, on one night he played strong and loudly music till four o’clock in the morning. But he is difference now. He often helps grandma with housework, helps mum with cooking and helps his classmates with their lessons.
第一节 书面表达(满分25分)
2013年高考在即, 高三全体学生目前正处在紧张复习迎考的氛围中。假如你叫李华,高三学生,面对目前的压力,想和父母说说知心话,请你用英文在你的博客上用书信形式表达出来。主要内容如下:
知心话 感  恩 关切鼓励,倾注爱心
 对父母的期望 1. 多交流,使自己保持良好状态
2. 创造条件,给自己提供适时帮助
学习打算 考生自拟(至少写三点)
注意:1. 短文须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥。
      2. 词数:150左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Mom and Dad,
The annual college entrance examination is around the corner. On this special occasion, how I wish I could have a heart-to-heart talk with you.
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
                                                                  Lihua

 


答案
阅读理解21-23 BAC  24-27 DADB   28-31 ACCB   32-35 BADB
七选五36-40 Ebcga
完形填空41--45 CDDCA  46--50 BDDCD   51--55 ABABB  56--60 ABCAC
语法填空61. of  62. The  63. mainly   64. has just led  65. another  66. it  67. who / whom  68. however  69. description  70. likely 
短文改错
1. want后加to   2. them→ it   3. where→ which/that或去掉where。
4. other → others   5. busy前的is→ was   6. making→ made  7. angrily→angry  8. 去掉on
9. loudly→ loud   10. difference→ different
 

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